In a private house or in the country you want to create an environment where it will be warm and comfortable, but sometimes the heat from the house goes outside because of the cold roof, so many are beginning to look for the answer to the question of how to warm the ceiling in a private house. There are many types of insulation materials that have their own characteristics.
Varieties of materials
Warming the ceiling in a house with a cold roof is carried out using insulation materials. When choosing insulation products, consumers are guided by the following properties:
- Heat conduction - this characteristic affects the heat release through the ceiling surface. The smaller this indicator, the better the material.
- Resistance to moisture - the indicator is evaluated when the roof is insulated from the outside.
- The term of operation - provides the long period of use when warming.
- Environmental friendliness - estimated effect on the body.
- Flammability - thermal insulation should not ignite when placed on wooden roofs.
There are various methods of insulation, involving a variety of roofing insulation houses. You can carry out the insulation of the ceiling with their own hands.
Use of sawdust
Many wonder how to insulate the ceiling with sawdust? Warming of the ceiling with sawdust was common in the last century. When finding woodworking enterprises near houses, it is possible to purchase materials that serve as insulation for cold roofing for a small cost.
Warming of the ceiling with sawdust is recommended to perform on wooden beams. The disadvantage of this material is considered to be high inflammability. This quality is compensated by the use of numerous insulated technologies.
Application of mineral wool
Thermal insulation of the mineral ceiling is the most common way to eliminate heat leakage in the attic rooms. Whoever insulated the ceiling with this material, notes its harmfulness due to the use of formaldehyde resins in the manufacture.
Thermal insulation of the ceiling with mineral wool suggests the following scheme:
- Before using mineral wool, the concrete ceiling area must be leveled;
- Cover the ceiling with film;
- Laying mineral wool;
- Equipment flooring of plywood or boards.
Thermal insulation of the mineral wool ceiling eliminates the execution of a tie over mineral wool due to the reduction of the thermal insulation of the concrete ceiling.
Warming of the ceiling with glass wool (a kind of mineral wool) for a cold wooden roof consists of the steps:
- A vapor barrier material is placed between the beams on the roof to prevent loss of the properties of mineral wool;
- Cutting glass wool pieces exceeding the size of a beam by 20 cm or making roofs already make large holes for laying cotton wool;
- Laying glass wool on the ceiling;
- Laying wooden floor.
If the attic is supposed to walk on the floor, then the glass wool is covered with floor material on a mandatory basis. Proper installation of boards on the ceiling area is carried out with the release of 0.3 cm inter-element distance between the insulation and the board. The insulation of the ceiling in the wooden house of mineral water is carried out using the material thickness of 10-25 cm.
Thermal insulation of the ceiling with foam can be done inside and out. Insulated ceiling foam inside the found in apartment buildings. You can use the technology of insulation in the house from the inside for sound insulation between apartments. In order to reduce the heat transfer of the cold ceiling, the use of foam plastic is carried out from the attic in a private dwelling. Thermal insulation of the ceiling foam means the use of waterproofing layer from the cold side and the vapor barrier layer from inside the room.
How to insulate the ceiling with foam? Scheme of work:
- Clearing the cold ceiling and laying vapor barrier;
- If necessary, the construction of a log;
- Laying material;
- Performance of a waterproofing layer;
- If the warmed mansard floor surface is made without a lag, then a tie is required;
- Laying clean floor.
Proper insulated ceiling does not require laying the floor if there is no walking on the surface.
How to insulate the ceiling in a private house from the inside? The answer is simple - foam. In this case, warmed according to the scheme:
- Surface cleaning;
- Carrying out the frame (using wooden or aluminum profiles);
- Mounting foam on the draft ceiling;
- Performance of vapor barrier;
Insulation of the ceiling from the inside involves the plasterboard or installation of suspended ceilings.
Warming the ceiling in a private house with their own hands in the described way is easy. However, the base has a high flammability and emits toxic substances during combustion, so you can use it as a insulation of the ceiling in the garage or alternatively to warm the ceiling in the cellar.
Penofol insulation of the ceiling is used in situations where the room remains warm, but there are minor losses. Penofol is a foamed polyethylene. In this way, the ceiling is insulated in the apartment.
The method involves warming the cold ceiling of the room from the inside. How to insulate the ceiling in a wooden house with the use of penofol? Stages of work:
- The organization of crates;
- Fixing the material so that the side with the foil applied is located inside the room (nails can be used);
- Execution finish.
In private homes, the ceiling can be finished using drywall or a false ceiling. It is better to install suspended ceilings in the apartment in order to save more space.
In contrast to the method with stone wool, this method implies leaving on both sides of the penofola ventilation gaps. Many wonder - how to insulate the ceiling in the country, if you want to use penofol. You can combine this material with penoplex. Penofol in this situation is fixed in front of a layer of drywall.
Warming of the ceiling in other buildings
Thermal insulation of the ceiling in the cold-roofed bath involves the use of lightweight, fire-resistant materials. For the bath often used mineral wool and expanded clay. The use of foam plastic when insulating the bath ceiling is not effective due to its increased fire hazard. In the process of arranging the insulation of the ceiling surface of the bath is required to lay a layer of hydro- and vapor barrier.
How to insulate the ceiling in the bath with their own hands, if you do not intend the location of the attic. Then the vapor barrier should be placed in front of the insulation. At the end of the ceiling of the bath to install boards.
How to insulate the ceiling in the garage? You can use mineral wool and polystyrene foam. Polyfoam is applicable even in a situation with a metal garage. It will serve as an additional sound insulation material for the garage space. If a cellar ceiling insulation is required, then the location of the vapor-waterproofing layer, as in the case of a bath, is imperative.