Even 10-15 years ago, homeowners did not think about how their house was blocked and slate or metal used as roofing materials. Today, fashion has changed and now the roof is the “fifth” facade of the house, which should be beautiful, so natural ceramic tile is considered to be the ideal roofing material. It looks very beautiful, but the main thing is that when properly installed it does not leak.
Production of natural tiles
Ceramic roof tiles are an environmentally friendly material. It is made from natural clay. Factories for the production of such tiles are located near the clay pits. Clay is mined, crushed, mixed with water and various chemicals that make the material more durable. Clay is kneaded until a homogeneous mass, rolled into a tape, which is cut into plates. Then the plates are sent to the furnace, where under the action of high temperature, they harden to a state of stone. Then the tile is covered with colored glaze. The colors of ceramic tiles are all shades of brown and red. Modern technologies allow to produce tiles with different surfaces. She may be:
- natural (without glaze).
Each type of tile will look different in the bright sun. If glazed, similar to glass, will reflect it, then matte or natural, on the contrary absorb - it depends on it and how the house will look in different weather. The natural tile can darken over time. The most popular and popular is the red ceramic tile. With her houses are similar to the ancient buildings in Europe, which several centuries ago overlapped with just such a tile.
Advantages of ceramic tiles:
- environmental friendliness;
- low thermal conductivity.
Natural ceramic tiles can last about a hundred years. Many modern manufacturers set the service life of 30 years, which is also a lot. This tile is not afraid of severe frosts and does not absorb moisture. She is also not afraid of the bright sun. And even after a long hot summer, it does not lose color and is not deformed. This is an environmentally friendly material that breathes. Ceramic tile "breathes", so there is no condensation under it.
Unlike metal, this does not accumulate static electricity. And she is not afraid of exposure to acids and open fire. Even in the event of a fire, the kiln-baked ceramic tiles will not change shape and color. In some cases, at high temperatures, it may begin to burst. Ceramic tile roofing is a profitable investment. Due to the low thermal conductivity, the house does not quickly leave heat, so the boiler can be set to a lower temperature and it is not so often to heat the stove or fireplace.
This tile has good sound insulation. With it you can not hear how the raindrops beat and the wind rages. It is impact resistant: if a heavy object falls from above, it will not bend or break. Repairing such tiles is easy, you just need to replace the damaged sheet. Modern natural tiles have a rich color palette. You can choose the desired shade of the roof, which will be perfectly combined with the color of the walls.
Cons of natural tile
There are also significant disadvantages of ceramic tiles, due to which many homeowners make their choice in favor of other roofing materials. Ceramics is the same stone that has a lot of weight. Indeed, it weighs a lot, so the installation of ceramic tiles can be carried out only on a solid wooden frame. If you have been dreaming about a red tile roof for a long time, you should sensibly assess whether you have the time and the opportunity to install a wooden frame, and whether the walls of the house will stand this heavy construction.
The process of making tiles is very laborious and expensive, which affects the price of the tile itself. She and the installation work is expensive. During the period of economic crisis, due to the high price, many are forced to refuse to purchase ceramic tiles and buy roll tiles, which are twice as cheap.
Pottery does not bend, but is easily scratched. In case of careless installation or transportation, scratches and chips may appear on colored glaze. And if the tile falls on the ground while working on the ground, it can break, so laying with ceramic tiles should be done only by a professional team of craftsmen. You should not save on this.
Natural tiles can not be laid on all houses, but only on those with a large inclined roof, because the greater the angle, the less pressure of precipitation on the roof. The roof of ceramic tiles should be made in homes in which the slope of the slope is at least 11 degrees, and ideally - 50.
Before you go to the hardware store for tile, you need to examine in detail some of the characteristics. Depending on the manufacturer, these roofing materials may have different dimensions. Most often, the size of such tiles 39x24 and 33x42. It is believed that the tile of this size is most convenient to mount. The square meter weighs at least 40 k, and one element weighs about 4.5 kg, so a reliable wooden structure is needed for its installation.
The ceramic tile happens a different form. Popular among buyers "beaver tail" - flat tiles that lay on each other. There is also a tile of a chenoid type - such elements have a convex ridge - it is also a chute when turned over. The easiest way to lay tile-slot type: elements are laid in an even layer and fastened to each other with the help of grooves.
What you need to know about the installation of tiles?
Before installing ceramic tiles, a crate is installed on the roof, which should be solid. So that water vapor does not accumulate under the roof, you will definitely need to take care of the ventilation system. For this, holes are made under the eaves and on the ends. Air will flow through the first holes from the bottom, and through the second holes it will go outside with the condensate. Also, when laying waterproofing between the rafters, a slight deflection is surely left - then it will be easier for the air to circulate. Waterproofing is nailed with steps no more than 30 cm.
Prior to installation on the roof you need to properly position the tile. Along the entire perimeter of the roof, at an equal distance, you need to put 5-6 tiles, then the non-wooden rafters will evenly place the load. If you fold the entire supply of tiles in one place, the roof can not stand and collapse.
The roof tiles are laid from bottom to top, from right to left. If the last tile in the row is too long and extends beyond the roof, it must be cut, but they are not cut one by one, but immediately after the installation is completed. The cut line is drawn with chalk or coal and the excess tile is cut by a special stone cutting machine. The work is dusty, so after its completion, the roof will need to be swept well.
The bottom edge of the tile should protrude 4 cm. To level it under the bottom edge of the wooden crates, a thick wooden board is fixed. The installation of the ridge of the roof also has its own characteristics.
From the side of each slope of the roof to the upper horizontal rails attach the aero element. An additional timber is attached to the upper part of the rafters. Shingles should not fit close to the timber. Between them, you must leave a distance of half a centimeter. End tile is nailed to a wooden bar, whose height is equal to the height of the tile in the rows. And the end must necessarily overlap the private.
Vents are made in advance, during the installation of a wooden frame on the roof. It will be too late to do ventilation during the installation of the tiles. There are many nuances in laying ceramic tiles, so if you do not have experience in working with roofing materials, it is better to entrust this work to specialists. There is a huge amount of video lessons on this topic on the Internet, but even there will not be enough information to do this work independently.
If you are building your dream home, do not skimp on roofing materials. If there is a financial opportunity, it is better to cover the house with ceramic tiles. This material will last for decades and over the years will not lose its beauty. Natural tiles do not deteriorate from the cold or the bright sun, it lets the air through, retains heat in the house, is highly soundproof and is absolutely harmless material. Having once spent money on this unique roofing material, you will definitely not regret your decision.